Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. 


CCAMLR - Powerless to Stop the Damage

Brought into effect in the spring of 1982, the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) is the only international agreement which gives protection to wildlife living in the Antarctic.

CCAMLR forbids the killing or wounding of any native bird or mammal - except whales - without a permit, and states that damage to and interference with habitats should be minimised. The convention is believed by many to be toothless, however, as it has no means of punishing member nations who break the rules. CCAMLR has looked on powerless as Antarctic fish have dwindled, and it has failed to extract detailed krill harvesting quotas from fishing fleets. Although, according to CCAMLR (Commission of Antarctic Marine Living Resources) itself krill harvesting has been managed in a very precautionary manner. However, "…new studies are needed to get a better picture of how abundant krill is today, especially around the Antarctic Peninsula."



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