- Use of chemicals on the land
- Deforestation to make way for cultivated land
- Killing animals and plants (e.g. plant collection, over fishing, over hunting, egg collecting, insect collecting).
- Blood sports (e.g. fox hunting, badger baiting, hare coursing, wildfowling, game bird shooting).
- Accidental killing of plants and animals (e.g. careless fire lighters and campers, flower pickers, litter spreading etc.).
- Building houses, factories, towns, cities and roads.
- Disposing of the by-products of industry such as slag heaps, waste heaps, air and water pollution, dangerous chemicals and nuclear waste.
- Using renewable materials (e.g. trees for making paper, crops, animals for food etc.).
- Using non-renewable resources (e.g. minerals, coal and oil).