African elephants are very important to the eco-system in which they live. In fact the role they play is so important that they are known as a “keystone” species on which numerous other species rely. Some plants need to be digested by an elephant before the seeds will germinate, including up to a third of tree species in their habitat.
Their large size and taste for roots leads to pathways through forests being cleared. This allows sunlight into an otherwise dense and dark forest giving the opportunity for a wider variety of flora to grow which in turn encourages a wider variety of fauna. These pathways act as natural firebreaks. Some of the ancient ones are so well established that they have been turned into roads!Read More: Elephants and Humans