Species: Picus viridis (European)
Distribution: Widespread over England and Wales; during the last 40 years it has spread rapidly northwards and reached central and eastern Scotland. Also central and southern Europe.
Habitat: Open deciduous woodland with wide clearings and areas of short grass. Also common in parkland, orchards and large gardens.
Description: Dull green back, paler underparts, bright yellowish rump, red crown; male has a red moustache, female a black one.
Size: 32cm (12 in); beak length: 4.5cm; tongue length: 10cm; wingspan: 41cm.
Life-span: Oldest known bird, 7 years 4 months.
Food: Mainly ants but also wood-boring insects and their larvae, beetles, moths and flies. Will also eat fruit and seeds.Read More: Daily Life and Feeding