Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. 

Melting Ice Sheets

Emperor Penguins on IceThe burning of forests and fossil fuels has resulted in a 25 per cent increase in the carbon dioxide deposits found in Antarctic snow since the 1970s. Gases from burning fossil fuels trap some of the sun's heat and warm the atmosphere, causing global warming.

Penguin ColonyThis warming is known as the 'Greenhouse Effect' and may increase the rate at which Antarctic ice sheets melt. The earth's average temperature will probably rise by between 2 and 5 degrees centigrade by 2020. Such temperature rises would cause flooding in coastal cities throughout the world, and low-lying countries such as Bangladesh and the Netherlands would be completely submerged. 

Read More: CCAMLR - Powerless to Stop the Damage

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