Domesticated by humans over 3,500 years ago, the modern horse has long been inextricably linked with human progress.

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Overview

Order: Perissodactyla

Family: Equidae

Species: Equus ferus caballus

IUCN Status: The wild Przewalski's horse is endangered, but domesticated breeds are not.

Habitat: Wild horses live on steppes and open grasslands. The domesticated horse is found all around the world and, as such, no longer has a true habitat. 

Size: Varies by breed from 1.4m to 1.8m at the shoulder in non miniature types. 

Weight: 380 - 1000 kg dependent on breed.

Life Span: 25 to 30 years with a few exceptions living as long as 60 years. 

Gestation: 11-13 months (usually one foal only, twins are rare)

Photo: Owain Davies

 

Read More: History of the Horse

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