The name tarantula is generally applied to any large, hairy spider, especially to the furry, bird eating spiders of South America.

Tarantulas and humans

Some species of tarantulas are becoming rare because they are threatened by over-collection as pets. The Peruvian pamphobetus antinous is decreasing because it is collected in enormous numbers for sale to tourists as an ornament. Species that live in tropical rainforests suffer from loss of habitat as the forests are destroyed. According to the IUCN
the Tarantula is now classificed as Critically Endangered.

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